A BILL FOR AN ACT TO REGULATE AND CONTROL THE PRODUCTION, REARING OR BREEDING OF LIVESTOCK, RESTRICT GRATIUTOUS MOVEMENT OF DEMOSTIC ANIMALS IN NIGERIA AND FOR OTHER MATTERS RELATED THERETO
Sponsor: Hon. Benjamin I. Aboho
Objectives of the Bill
The Livestock Production and Movement (Regulation and Control) Bill is proposed to be passed into law by the National Assembly to achieve the following objectives.
To modernize the techniques of production, rearing and nurturing livestock and domestic animals in Nigeria;
To prevent any person from being cruel to the animals in the gratuitous movement of animals from place to place exerting energy, maltreating the animals in the process and exposing them to hazardous environment;
To reduce or prevent the transmission of animal diseases from community to community;
To ensure healthy livestock production and to satisfy the dairy needs for all Nigerians;
To prevent clashes between livestock breeders and crop farmers in the country;
To generate revenue through permits granted individuals or corporate concerns to operate commercial ranches in Nigeria.
BE IT ENACTED by the National Assembly, Federal Republic of Nigeria as follows:
The production, rearing or breeding of all kinds of livestock or domestic animals in Nigeria or any part thereof by any person in Nigeria shall be done in accordance with the provisions of this Bill.
Rearing or breeding livestock in Nigeria
Any person engaged in the production, rearing or breeding of livestock or domestic animals in Nigeria shall keep such livestock or animals on a personal or commercial ranch that is well fenced and restrict the movement of all the livestock within that ranch.
Personal orCommercial Ranches
Any person who keeps livestock in a ranch must provide enough animal feeds and medical care to such livestock.
Any person who intends to move his/her livestock from a ranch to another place for the purposes of:
(a) further raising of such livestock in another ranch;
(b) medical treatment of the livestock;
(c) sale of such livestock;
Shall obtain a permit from Local GovernmentAuthority to do so.
Movement of Livestock on certain conditions
Animals shall not be moved from ranches to long distances for the purposes of slaughter but shall be slaughtered in the nearest abattoir and the meat preserved and moved from one distance to another.
Any person who wants to move his/her livestock from a ranch to another place as in line with section 4 of the Bill shall after obtaining a permit to do so; move such livestock by rail wagon, truck or pick-up van or by road.
Any person who chooses to move his/her livestock by road shall restrict such livestock to not more than 25 meters on each side of the Federal road provided such livestock do not trespass on crop farms or trail into the main road.
Movement of Livestock on road
Any person who keeps more than 25 animals in a ranch is considered to be running a commercial ranch and shall formerly apply for a permit from the state and/or the local government to do so.
All ranches shall be properly fenced to prevent animals kept therein from escaping into other areas.
All ranches that are personal or commercial shallfrom time to time be subjected to the inspection of the Veterinary Department of a State or Local Government where they are located.
All animals brought to market for sale shall be kept in a place designated for animals that are for sale.
Animals for sale
All animals brought to market for sale must be certified fit for human consumption and issued with such certificate by inspectors of VeterinaryDepartment of a State or Local Government.
Certification of animals
No person shall move about with livestock from place to place within the boundaries of the Federation of Nigeria for the purposes of feeding such livestock.
No person shall operate a commercial ranch without having the premises inspected and given a permit by a State or the Local Government to do so.
Restriction of gratuitous movement
Any person who violates any provision of this Bill shall be arrested and prosecuted in the customary or magistrates court and upon conviction shall:
be sent to prison for a term of not less than six months; or
pay a fine twice equivalent to the current price of that animal/animals on the market; or
both imprisonment and fine.
State government or the Local Government shall have powers to fix the cost of permits from time to time.
Powers to fix cost of permits
This Bill shall come into effect upon assent.
In this Bill, except is otherwise stated;
A Ranch means- A large farm area properly fenced or demarcated and reserved for the production, rearing or breeding of cattle, sheep, goats, horses, donkeys, pigs, and other livestock.”
A Personal Ranch means- A Ranch that contains less than 25 animals.
A Commercial ranch means- A Ranch that contains 25 animals or above.
This Bill may be cited as the Livestock Production and Movement (Regulation and Control) Bill, 2014.
This Bill seeks to modernize the techniques of production, rearing andbreeding of livestock and domestic animals in Nigeria, prevent the gratuitous movement of animals from place to place, maltreating the animals and exposing them to hazardous environment; prevent the transmission of animal diseases from community to community; ensure healthy livestock production and to satisfy the dairy needs for all Nigerians; prevent clashes between livestock breeders and crop farmers in the country; and generate revenue through permits granted individuals or corporate concerns to operate commercial ranches in Nigeria.